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Areas of Needed Research in Health and Transportation


Areas of Needed Research in Public Health and Transportation

Categories
Auto use and parking
Bicycles, pedestrians, and transit
Data and methods for health and transportation research and practice
Economics and policy
Food environments and transportation options
Planning and universal design
Populations: Transportation-challenged and vulnerable populations
Environmental and social justice
Older adults
Children
Low-income populations
          Transportation workers
Rural mobility
Safety, injury prevention, and emergency preparedness
Strategies for integrating health and transportation planning
Transportation impact assessments

Auto use and parking
Parking policy as a mechanism for increasing physical activity
Road safety disparities
Air quality and distribution of the health impacts of motorized transportation
Climate change mitigation, adaptation, and health

Bicycles, pedestrians, and transit
Effectiveness of bike share programs as health interventions
The relationship between transit use and physical activity
Promoting active transportation through Sunday Streets/Open Streets
Conflicts between physical activity and poor local air quality
Level of service for pedestrians, bicyclists, etc.
Traffic calming and calm streets
Built and natural environments that support health
Effect of new and improved infrastructure networks for active transportation modes (e.g., bike ways, sidewalks, trails)
Pedestrian and bicycle counts: methodologies and how to institutionalize better counts
Relationship of walking and bicycling to health/mental health outcomes
Effect of safe routes to schools on non-school travel and other populations

Data and methods for health and transportation research and practice
Pedestrian and bicycle counts: how to institutionalize them
Health-related indicators and measures in transportation planning
Data collection at scales that are useful for analyzing local transportation and land use questions (i.e., units smaller than counties)
Linking and managing health and transportation data systems
National Household Travel Survey (NHTS) using Global Position System (GPS) survey methods to collect detailed activity data

Economics and policy
Economics and comparative effectiveness of transportation interventions as health interventions
Health in All Policies in the transportation sector
Promoting active transportation through Sunday Streets/Open Streets
Parking policy as a mechanism for increasing physical activity

Food environments and transportation options

Access and food environments
Development of freight systems to support local food production and distribution
Relationship between health and access to opportunities, goods, services

Planning and universal design

Age-friendly environments and aging in place
Effects of travel and travel environments on social cohesion
Designing travel environments for safe speeds
Planning for healthy neighborhoods and communities
Universal design in transportation environments and systems
Health effects of new and improved infrastructure networks for active transportation modes (e.g., bike ways, sidewalks, trails)
Planning for rural transport and health issues
Health-related indicators in transportation planning
Including health in transportation and land use planning and policy

Populations: Transportation-challenged and vulnerable populations
Access needs of different populations
Access and food environment
Relationship between health and access to opportunities, goods, services

Children
Children's travel and travel independence for young people
Transportation environments around schools
Effect of safe routes to schools on non-school travel and other populations

Environmental and social justice
Local impacts of freight and goods movement

Low-income populations
Access and affordability

Older adults
Age-friendly environments and aging in place

Transportation workers
Occupational health and safety of transportation professionals

Rural Mobility
Planning for rural transport and health issues

Safety, injury prevention, and emergency preparedness
Emergency medical services
Traffic calming and calm streets
Designing travel environments for safe speeds
Road safety disparities
Safety cultures in transportation planning
Health and injury prevention related to future fuels and vehicles

Strategies for integrating health and transportation planning

Creating partnerships between transportation and other health-related sectors
Economics and comparative effectiveness
Transportation and health communications strategies
Linking and managing health and transportation data systems

Transportation impact assessments
Effectiveness of bike share programs as health interventions
Local impacts of freight movement
Conflicts between physical activity and poor local air quality